Menengai Crater

Maili Saba Camp, on the edge of the magnificent, dormant, Menengai Crater,

A major volcanic crater in the East African Rift. This and other volcanoes are characteristic of the East African Rift. Liquid magma rose along the deep seated faults associated with the rift. Rifts form where the forces of plate tectonic cause large blocks of the upper mantle and earth crust to move apart, allowing magma to rise from the upper mantle. Photo taken standing on the west wall of the crater and looking toward the hills in background that form the north and east walls of the crater. The lavas of the crater are trachytes, whereas pumice, obsidian, and scoria form the rim. The crater is 8-10 km in diameter and 485 m deep. (Courtesy of Kenya Geology)